Hypertension and preeclampsia during pregnancy

Hypertension refers to high blood pressure during pregnancy that begins after 20 weeks of pregnancy and ends as soon as the child is born. Almost 6% to 8% of pregnancies experience it. High blood pressure during pregnancy can also be called gestational hypertension. Gestational hypertension begins after 20 weeks of pregnancy and lasts until after delivery.  

This condition occurs when you do not have protein in your urine or different heart or kidney issues. It is typically analyzed after 20 weeks of pregnancy or near delivery. Gestational hypertension resolves after a few days of birth. High blood pressure causes no obvious symptoms. So you can consult the best gynecologist in Lahore to avoid complications of hypertension pressure during pregnancy.

Difference between hypertension and preeclampsia:

Gestational hypertension is a process that does not affect your kidneys or urine and starts in the latter half of pregnancy. This condition can turn into preeclampsia. In this case, it will be very important for your gynecologist to monitor you.

It would not be wrong to call preeclampsia a severe condition of high blood pressure and this series also appears in the latter half of pregnancy. If not treated on time, it can lead to many serious problems including kidney, liver, and brain problems. Preeclampsia can also induce development problems for the fetus and raise the risk of stillbirth.


Hypertension during pregnancy can be divided into different types. These types depend on when hypertension starts and what the symptoms may be.

Some of the main types of high blood pressure during pregnancy are described below.

Chronic hypertension

 This type of hypertension persists after your baby is born. People with chronic hypertension can also create preeclampsia. 

Gestational hypertension:

 This is the latter part of pregnancy. Some people with gestational hypertension will go on to form preeclampsia.


This type occurs in the second half of pregnancy.

It can impact your liver, kidneys, lungs, or brain. When it influences your brain, you’re at the stake of eclampsia.

Signs of hypertension:

Sometimes high blood pressure becomes a silent killer.

High blood pressure is sometimes called “the silent killer” because most people don’t see their blood pressure as heightened. Some different symptoms are:

  • Swelling 
  • Headaches.
  • Premature weight gain.
  • Vision changes.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • Peeing only a little bit.
  • Pain in your belly.

Steps for a safe delivery:

If you follow these guidelines, you can have a healthy and safe delivery.

  • Making it a routine to check blood pressure at home.
  • Taking blood pressure control medications.
  • Pre-order delivery if required.
  • Reduce the amount of salt in your diet.
  • Avoid smoking and alcohol.
  • Get plenty of rest.


Preeclampsia is a complex process of pregnancy. This condition raises your blood pressure and increases the amount of protein in the urine, which has a direct effect on the kidneys. In women with normal blood pressure, preeclampsia usually starts after 20 weeks of pregnancy.

If preeclampsia is not treated on time, it can cause serious damage to both the mother and the baby. Early delivery of the baby depends on the severity of preeclampsia and how many weeks the woman has been pregnant. Preeclampsia’s signs may also appear after the delivery of a baby, which is called postpartum preeclampsia.

Preeclampsia causes:

Many factors can cause preeclampsia. According to experts, it starts from the placenta which nourishes the fetus during the pregnancy process.

In women with preeclampsia, blood vessels don’t function properly. Many problems during blood circulation can cause irregular blood pressure in the mother.

These causes may develop Preeclampsia:

  • Placental abruption
  • Poor fetal development
  • Preterm birth
  • A lower birth weight baby
  • Stillbirth
  • Harm to your kidneys, liver, brain, etc
  • A higher risk of a heart ailment 
  • Eclampsia, which occurs when preeclampsia is intense 

Symptoms of preeclampsia:

Preeclampsia symptoms usually last up to 6 weeks after delivery. High blood pressure is one of the prominent features of preeclampsia.

High blood pressure may also include the following symptoms:

  • High protein in the urine.
  • Reduction of platelets in the blood
  • Feeling faint
  • Raised liver enzymes 
  • Extreme headaches
  • Temporary loss of vision, 
  • Shortness of breath, 
  • Pain in the upper abdomen
  • Nausea or vomiting

For an expert opinion, you can visit a gynecologist.

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